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Grace Murray Hopper
“[Her analogy on systems clustering:] When a farmer needs more ox power to plow his field, he doesn't get a bigger ox, he gets another one. Then he puts the oxen in parallel.”
“Developing a compiler was a logical move; but in matters like this, you don't run against logic — you run against people who can't change their minds.”
“If you do something once, people will call it an accident. If you do it twice, they call it a coincidence. But do it a third time and you've just proven a natural law!”
“[On first use in 1945 of the term "bugs":] From then on, when anything went wrong with a computer, we said it had bugs in it.”
“If it's a good idea ... go ahead and do it. It's much easier to apologize than to get permission.”
“The most damning phrase in the language is 'We've always done it this way.'”
“You don't manage people; you manage things. You lead people. We went overboard on management and forgot about leadership. It might help if we ran the MBAs out of Washington.”
“We're flooding people with information. We need to feed it through a processor. A human must turn information into intelligence or knowledge. We've tended to forget that no computer will ever ask a new question.”
“I had a running compiler and nobody would touch it. ... They carefully told me, computers could only do arithmetic; they could not do programs.”
Grace Murray Hopper, U.S. mathematician, rear admiral, computer pioneer
(1906 - 1991)
Full name: Grace Brewster Murray Hopper.